▲ 2003年圍填海15處，面積1954公頃；海砂開采點1000余處，年開采量2030萬噸。對海洋環境造成一定影響。The results show that:
▲ Most of the sea water quality was good on the whole, reaching the standard of Grade “Clean” or “Less Clean”. The open and offing sea waters quality is better than that of the offshore sea waters. Compared with the year of 2002, the polluted ranges of offshore marine areas, such as the estuaries and loughs expanded to some extent in 2003, with the main pollutants including: petroleum, inorganic nitrogen, activated phosphate, hydrargyrum and so on.
▲ The overall environmental quality of marine sediment was good and reaching the standard of < Quality Standard for Marine Sediment >, though with the concentrations of organic carbon, Cu and Cd in some loughs exceeding the standard of GradeⅠ.
▲ The concentrations in the marine lives (seashells) are still relatively high in parts of the loughs. The pollutants exceeding the standard of GradeⅠor Ⅱ of < Quality Standard forMarine Life > include: Cd, As,Pb, DDT petrolic hydrocarbon and fecal coliform bacteria.▲ The quantity of discharged pollutants was somewhat larger than that of last year. The environmental pollution of offshore marine areas was still serious with the main pollutants such as COD, inorganic nitrogen, petroleum, heavy metal and so on.
▲ There were totally 29 cases of red tides in 2003, 13 of which caused direct economic loss of 42.48 million RMB to aquiculture. There were two storm tides with a loss of 0.795 billion and five ocean wave disasters which caused disappearance of 7 people as well as direct economic loss of 530,000 RMB.
▲ Spartin aallerni flora and Common Cordgrass (Spartina anglica CE Hubb) continued to overspread in 2003. Just in the marine areas of eastern Fujian province, they invaded and occupied an area of 10,700 hektares in the tidal-flat of Mindong sea areas, with a spreading speed of 5% annually.
▲ 15 locations of marine areas were enclosed and filled in for farmland (polder) in 2003, reaching up to an area of 1954 hektares. More than 1000 spots were employed for sea sand with an output of 20,300,000 tons every year. Both of them had some bad effects on the marine environment.